How To Write an Effective Essay ?

How to write an effective essay This article is meant to detail out the tips on how to write an effective essay and diminish your fear for Descriptive Paper for all government examinations. Majority of aspirants suffer from “Scriptophobia” which means “the fear of writing ”, candidates are generally good at mathematics, tricks, reasoning abilities and spoken English but when it comes to writing skills their confidence take a back seat. 


It is to address this fear that we decided to come up with an article to help candidates overcome fear of writing and detail out the single strategy on how to write a great essay and score good marks in essay.

The Descriptive Test is generally of 30 minutes to 1 hour duration depending upon the exam (Banking/Insurance/SSC) and usually includes Essay writing, Letter Writing or Precis. The candidates are required to qualify in the Descriptive Test by securing minimum passing marks, to be decided by the examining authority.

Since this article is specifically written for writing effective essays so let us stick to the same.

Essays in government exams come from a variety of genres. These can be Social Issues, Political Issues, Environmental Issues, Economic Issues, Global Issues, etc.

In banking exams, candidates usually get to choose from multiple topics but in certain exams like ESIC SSO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, etc. there are no choices. Remember you are not required to write thesis on any topic. Everyone has his or her own understanding for a particular topic and own process of writing. So just stick to your process and continue working on that!

Table of Contents

Top 6 basic tips to write an effective essay:

  • Understand the topic well, give sometime to understand each word of the topic
  • Form a skeletal structure (rough structure) listing out the important points/aspects that you wish to include in your essay
  • Stick to the 5-paragraph strategy (1 para for intro, 3 paras for body & 1 para for conclusion)
  • Intro must include all the aspects which you are going to write in the subsequent paras
  • Body must be equally distributed in the 3 paras including the positives, the negatives and the present available ways to deal with these negatives.
  • Now that you have written a balanced body, your essay deserves a happy ending i.e., “The Conclusion”. Your conclusion must include the way forward (out of box solutions) to justify your stand by giving examples. For eg. if you are writing about charity then you can write that such teachings should be included in the school curriculum, visits to old age homes, organizing community programmes to help the needy, etc.

Additional 10 tips to score good marks in Essay Writing:

  1. Newspapers/Standard Magazines

    Make it a habit to read newspaper/standard magazines every day. This will not only improve your vocabulary but will also help you to gather good points for your essays.

  2. Note Making

    Write some eye-catching lines from newspapers, they certainly give your writing an edge over others, for example, Climate change is a secret driver of inflation”, “To really beat the heat, one must first understand the heat”, “In a World of Technology, People Make the Difference”. Read them daily and try to include them in your essays.

  3. Keep Dictionary handy

    Try to write different synonyms, antonyms and potential usages of certain words and note them down.

  4. Make own sentences

    Use the words in your daily conversations. It will not just help you out in your exams, but will also boost your self-confidence

  5. Avoid Repetition

    Avoid repeating the same word or phrase in your writing, learn to use alternatives in your sentences


    Note 2-3 one-liner quotes for each topic and read them everyday, they really beautify your essays.

  7. Important facts & figures

    While reading newspaper or magazines, note down important facts & numeric figures like crimes against SC/STs, Crimes against women, percentage of forest growth, govt spending on education, health, R&D, etc. It will certainly give your essay an edge over others.

  8. Short Sentences:

    Avoid writing unnecessary points and avoid criticism against government.

  9. Write newspaper articles:

    Write them in your own words, this will also help you in writing a good précis as well.

  10. Practice:

     There is no substitute of practice, no tips will work out until you make them work. Practice from previous year papers/topics, get your essays checked from family/friends.

To conclude, we would like to mention here an important quote by Benjamin Franklin which says “Do not fear mistakes. You will know failure. Continue to reach out.


The fears can only be overcome by fighting them, to beat them you need to treat them (Mithai wala treat nahi doctor wala treat!!)

Happy Learning Aspirants!!!

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Develop your own process of writing while sticking to the tips given above in the article.

 Generally in govt exams like IBPS PO, SBI PO, ESIC SSO, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL etc. word limit is around 250- 300, therefore, follow 5 para strategy that is 1 for introduction, 3 for body and 1 for conclusion

It can be a quote, a definition, a hypothetical example or a case study.

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